Build Your Own Laptop in 2017: A Guide For Everyone
Build Your Own Laptop
When it comes to laptops, a good number of consumers choose to build their own system instead of purchasing a pre-assembled model. There are obvious benefits to this. For starters, you can pick the parts you need. This allows you to have a system that is perfectly designed for your individual use. Since you’re not spending money on components you didn’t really want, you’ll also save a few dollars while you’re at it.
It doesn’t matter if you’re a tech enthusiast who’s up to date with the latest hardware, or a casual user trying to get a little more value for their money. Our simple guide will help you build your own laptop, and explain the process along the way.
Building a Laptop vs Building a Desktop
Before we begin, you should know that there are a few key differences between laptops and desktops. Each component in a desktop computer is designed to fit a common standard. Often, they are physically interchangeable.
Laptops aren’t quite like that. Because of their compact size, manufacturers custom make many of the components for each individual model. So, you might not physically assemble every component of a laptop, but you do have the ability to pick and choose exactly which parts you want when you decide to build your own laptop. If you do want the experience of putting everything together yourself, you still have the option. But how much control depends on where you get your laptop, and what brand it is.
Typical “bare bones” kids have most of the components installed, leaving you to add a few extras. Generally, this will be your memory, local storage, and wireless networking card. Other systems offer interchangeable graphics cards. Finally, in rare cases, you’re even able to install the CPU on your own.
There are three main companies that manufacture bare bones computers. The two most popular are Sager and Clevo. These two companies are the only manufacturers that allow their systems to be interchangeable with common parts. Many companies purchase these computers in bulk and keep an inventory of all compatible parts. When you order, you can pick and choose the components you like, and they’ll assemble the complete system for you. There are also a few manufacturers who offer customizable laptops, although these vary from model to model.
Generally, this is only recommended for experts. Compact systems cannot be self-built, as they need to be assembled in a factory with precise tooling. But this doesn’t mean that you can’t customize them. This guide will help you choose the components, so you can get the exact laptop you want.
When you’re building your own laptop, the main focus will be on what components are used inside. All computers are made up of several different components, each of which have their own benefits in terms of price and performance. You can choose your processor, memory, storage device, graphics card, and network card. These parts are generally interchangeable between notebooks, so you can afford to be selective.
Then, there are a few non-component criteria that are not interchangeable. Screen size, design, and other elements that are embedded in the case only change model to model. When you’re building your laptop, the first thing you’re going to want to do is to pick the components you want. Then, you can choose a platform that suits these components. Let’s start looking through the components one by one, so you can find the parts that best suit your needs.
Also known as a CPU, the processor is essentially the brains of your computer. For the most part, your entire PC is built around this one little chip. It determines how power efficient your system will be, and what other parts you can choose. There are five different categories for mobile processors.
These tiny chips are the most power efficient processors on the market. They are used in systems that need long battery life, and only offer performance suitable for the casual user. From slowest to fastest, you’ve got the Intel Atom, Core m3, m5, and m7. Generally, these CPUs are soldered onto the board, and not found in custom built laptops.
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The Intel Pentium, Celeron, and the AMD E series processors are designed to be affordable above all else. These are found in low-end systems, but offer performance acceptable enough to complete basic office tasks. If you don’t need much from your computer, many manufacturers will sub one of these in for a mainstream processor.
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Most computers will have one of these processors installed. From intel, you can choose between the i3 and the i5 series processors. The i3 is quite basic, although it offers snappy performance for office use. The i5 is a little more multi-media centric and even lets you play some basic games. AMD also has the less-popular A series processor, which sits somewhere between the i3 and i5 in terms of performance.
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Whether you’re looking for a cutting-edge media machine, or a polygon-crunching gaming system, the performance category is where you find the best systems. The Intel i7 is currently the best performance CPU on the market. In its 6 generation, the i7 is available in a dual core ‘prosumer’ model for those who need a little extra power. Or, you can elect for one of the HQ or K model processors which are quad core, but use much more power.
Our Recommendation: Sager NP3653
The RAM is where the computer stores all the data it’s currently working with. You can think of it like the desk that an office employee sits at to do his work. Imagine trying to deal with hundreds of pages of paperwork on a small, cramped desk. This is what it’s like to use a computer with low memory. There are two ways you can measure the performance of your ram.
The most obvious measurement of memory is the size. Some computers ship with as little as 2GB, while others have 32GB installed. For most people, you’ll want at least 8GB for daily web browsing and computer use. Power users will likely want to step it up to 16GB of memory, the current sweet spot between price and value. Heavy gamers or multi-media users may consider 32GB, although there are limited applications that can use this much memory. Fortunately, every computer allows you to configure the ram size.
Your memory is clocked to be in sync with your processor, so you often don’t have a lot of control over this aspect. Computers come with either DDR3 or DDR4 memory. If you’re unsure of which one to get, check the specifications for your processor. It will give you the appropriate reading. The only exception to this rule is the few who wish to purchase a K series i7 processor and overclock it. But overclocking is rare in laptops, and certain to void your warranty.
This is where your computer keeps all of its files. There are a few different types of internal storage on the market, and which one you can choose depends a little on the platform you’re using. The three metrics you’re going to use to measure your internal storage are type, interface, and size.
There are two types of local storage you can choose from: Solid state (SSD) or Hard Drive. (HDD) These days, there are very few reasons to choose a hard drive. This old technology is very inexpensive and can hold a large amount of data. However, it is incredibly slow. These drives are only suitable as a secondary backup drive to a primary storage device. SSDs, on the other hand, are very fast and very reliable.
Both hard drives and solid state drives are commonly sold in a 2.5” SATA format. However, we are seeing more of these being sold as an M2/PCIe style. M2 is a small connector that gives access to the high-speed PCIe bus. You’ll want to use this format if you would prefer to keep your 2.5” space free for additional storage.
SSDs are available in sizes ranging from 128GB up to 1TB. Hard drives can be purchased in 500GB to 2TB sizes. We recommend a 256GB or 512GB SSD for most use. However, if you need additional storage and have space for an M2 SSD, you can supplement a 1TB HDD in quite inexpensively. While not fast enough for daily use, it’s perfect for storing your media files.
Depending on how you use your laptop, your graphics cards either do a lot or a little. This is one of the biggest areas you can increase the performance of your computer, if you’re doing demanding tasks. They can be broken into three main categories
The latest Intel i-series CPUs actually have a graphics card built right in. This is known as on-board graphics, and it’s actually quite impressive! For day to day use, and even a little light gaming, integrated graphics is enough for most people.
For Gamers, the only option is an Nvidia GTX series mobile graphics card. There are two generations on the market right now: Pascal, and Maxwell. Pascal is the latest, including the top of the line GTX 1080. These cards come at a price, so many gamers choose to sacrifice 10 to 20% of the performance and save 40 to 50% of the price with a Maxwell based GTX 980.
The Nvidia Quattro graphics cards are based on a similar architecture as their gaming cards, but they’ve been tweaked for professional use. These cards are used for video editing, 3D rendering, and mathematical simulations. Even though it’s the most expensive on the list, there is no reason to buy it unless you really need it.
Although it’s not a component you commonly think about, your display has a huge effect on how much you enjoy your computer. You spend most of your time looking at it, so picking the correct one is important. There are two main things you want to look for, size and resolution.
Laptops are sold with displays ranging from 10” up to 17”. Once you pick your laptop, you won’t be able to change the screen size later. Often, if you’re not happy with the display size in a particular model, the only option is to choose a different one. Right now, the sweet spot for displays is 13” for portability, or 15” for performance. 17” displays are very nice to use, but should only be selected if you’re not going to be carting your laptop around with you all the time. Large displays also use more power to light, so you can expect a drop in battery life. On the other side of the equation, 10” and 11” laptops are often sold as ultraportable or convertible tablets. Generally, these systems are so compact that you won’t have a lot of configuration options.
Resolution refers to the number of pixels in your display. When you see apple advertising their computers as ‘retina,’ this just means that the pixels are so dense you cannot tell them apart. There are many laptops on the market that have 4K displays, which are equivalent to the retina models used in Apple’s computers. Most computers, however, ship with 1080p displays. Not only are they affordable, but most software is designed to run on a 1080p display. If you’re gaming, the lower resolution means that you’ll see higher frame rates.
Most self-built laptops have a number of other features that you can pick and choose from. Things like finger print readers, large touch pads, and memory card readers are often included. For the most part, these components are not user installed. You need to ask the manufacturer for them if they are an option. The one thing you may need to install yourself is a network card. You’re going to want to get one that supports 802.11ac. This is the latest networking technology and gives you the fastest performance on any wireless hotspot.
If you still haven’t found a system you like, we’ve got some recommendations. All of these systems come pre-configured but are completely ready for you to customize. Remember, you have two options. Most consumers will want to choose all the components themselves and have assembly completed by the manufacturer. Alternately, you can do the assembly by ordering them without RAM, storage, or networking interfaces and installing these components separately. Not every manufacturer allows this, but it can be an option.
Affordable Custom Laptops
Generally, custom laptops are sold to people who want the highest performance possible. But that doesn’t mean you’ll have to pay top dollar. Our recommendation is the Sager NP3245 / Clevo N240JU.
What it Comes With
This system comes with a 14” 1080p display, the latest Skylake i7 processor, and intel HD 620 Graphics. It’s not a gaming machine, but it’s very well equipped to handle anything else you throw at it.
What You Choose
There are lots of different ways to customize it. It has a 2.5” SATA port for SSDs or HDDs, in addition to a single M2/PCIe port where you can install a second (or primary SSD.) It has two slots for 1600MHz DDR3 ram. The maximum size is 8GB per slot, so you can have a total of 16GB. For the user who demands a little more, this is a great choice.
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This intel i5 based computer gives you a bigger display. You can choose a better graphics card and up to 32GB of memory.
MSI designed this system for people who might want to do a little light gaming. It’s got an Intel Core i7 processor, and can be used with a high-speed M2 SSD.
Most Powerful Custom Laptops
If you want a top of the line computer, then you’ve come to the right place. Most custom build laptops cater to the high-end crowd. Our recommendation is the Sager NP9872-S.
What it Comes With
This computer has a massive 17” 120Hz 1070p screen. It takes the latest i7 processors and is recommended for the quad core model.
What You Choose
It has interchangeable graphics cards and can be configured for SLI (dual cards) if you like. With four ram slots, you can install up to 64GB of 2400 MHz memory. There are two 2.5” slots, and one M2 slot, so you can have up to three storage devices.
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This laptop has a thinner profile but can support the latest Nvidia GTX 1080 graphics card. It has two M2 SSD slots, so you can have more SSD storage than any other computer on the market.
This laptop is designed for professionals. It comes pre-installed with a Quadro M5500 graphics card, and can support up to 64GB of ram, Dual M2 SSDs, and a 1TB HDD.
If you’re looking to create a laptop that meets your exact specifications, there are hundreds of options to choose from. To narrow it down, all you need to do is find out which components best suit your needs, and find a model that meets those requirements. We’ve made some recommendations throughout this guide, and hopefully, that will narrow down your choices.
Until next time!
Outdated post (2015)!!
As it seems your inner-geek is speaking for you — you want to build your own laptop. But even more important than that: do you know where to begin? Do you know what you need in order to build your own laptop for the first time? Do you have the required knowledge or experience? As the title suggests it’s a guide for everyone, doesn’t matter your expertise level or background — we will teach you everything you need to know right here. Let’s start off by checking the basics for this guide, but right before that we will check the advantages of building your own Notebook.
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The Advantages of building your own laptop
Did you know that it’s more affordable to build your own laptop than buying a new one? That’s crazy, right? But you will be even more amazed when you discover that you don’t only get it for a lower price, but with a LOT more power! The principal obstacle which prevents people from doing this switch is that they aren’t tech-savvy, but this article is going to change that.
We have tried to do our best in explaining the process you will have to follow at the hour of building your laptop. At first it may seem like a “oh, no way dude!”, but it’s far simpler than you think. All you need is to avoid distractions and focus entirely on this project.
However, you must be ready to face some challenges. For example, in some cases it will pretty hard to find some parts you will need to build your laptop. And you should also be ready to re-build the laptop in case something wrong happens. In short: you have to be ready for everything.
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What Will You Need to build your own laptop?
For the notebook:
It is obvious that you will need to buy certain things in order to build this project of yours. Keep in mind that we won’t go into much detail, because this guide is designed for the average Joe. So, the things you will need are as follows: (Compare the prices on Amazon)
These are the things you will need in order to build your amazing computer. But what is a “barebook”?
It’s another game given to a barebones notebook, which is as you can guess the base on which we will build this project. It’s composed by:
- A base
These are the elements you will find in your barebook. Also, keep in mind that you can buy this barebook ready to go, it means that it will have all the parts you need to assemble your computer. But follow our recommendation and get a barebook with its principal elements plus the CD/DVD drive; you don’t need nothing more.
In fact, you don’t need to buy many tools. You will only need a pretty good screwdriver, that’s the unique tool you will need for this process.
Another product you will have to buy is a thermal compound. You can buy it at your local computer store. Well, those are the little extras you need for this project.
Building Your Laptop
Now you have all you need for your new computer. You should start off by taking your barebook and removing all its bottom panels. You should do this with extreme care. Pro tip: put all the screws in a glass, you will need them later.
After removing the bottom panels, you will need to get rid of the cooling system. Again, do this carefully because you could damage something in there.
First and second steps were pretty easy, here it’s when it beings to get interesting, because you will have to install the processor. First you will have to locate the socket in your barebook. Then, carefully you will have to connect the processor with it by dropping the processor on the socket. It should fit perfectly and if it doesn’t maybe it’s because the socket is locked. Beware: never force your processor against the socket, it will only damage both items.
How do you unlock the socket? It’s pretty easy in fact, you only need to grab your screwdriver and then use it to twist the screw on the top of the socket, and that’s all you need to do.
Now that you have secured the processor in its right place, you will need to lock the socket again. Just to finish: proceed to put a very thin layer of thermal compound on the processor core, you can identify it as the black chip on top.
Now it’s the graphics card’s turn. In fact, the process for this part is pretty similar to one used on the processor. You need to give the assigned socket for the graphics card and follow the same steps as with the processor. Just keep in mind that you will have to screw the graphics card, because there will be holes which perfectly match with the motherboard, you just need to screw the graphics card and that’s it.
And for the end you just need to apply a thin layer of thermal compound on it.
And here returns the cooling system. You just need to re-install it by putting it on the position it was before.
Now it’s the turn for the RAM or also known as Random Memory. You will find in the motherboard that there are two slots which are designed for the RAM. And you can guess what comes next: you just need to place the RAM in those slots, and that’s it.
Now we will install the wireless card. On the motherboard you’ll see a slot which is pretty similar to the one used for RAM, the only difference is that this one is a lot smaller. You will need to do the same as with the memory, but you will also need to screw the wireless card down.
Once the wireless card is properly placed, you will need to connect two cables to the card which are gray and black respectively and can be found in the small slot.
We are near to the end. Now it’s the turn for the hard drive. To install it you will have to do the following:
- Locate the cradle and take it out of the barebook. How can you recognize the cradle? Simple, it’s a small metal cage whose dimensions are approx. 2.5 inches x 4 inches.
- Now that you have the cradle on your hands, you will need to screw the hard drive in it.
- Finally you will place the hard drive in the position that used to belong to the cradle. That’s all you need to do.
Now you have everything on its right place. You should proceed to put the back panels back in their position. And finally you will need to connect the battery. Once you do so, congratulations! You have just built your first laptop!
As you can see building your own laptop is not as hard as it seems, in fact it’s pretty easy and a project you can start at any moment you want. We hope you enjoyed this article, in case you found it useful we encourage you to share it with your friends!
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